GUY HORTON, "The man who uncovered the truth about Burma"

 
Aung San Suu Kyi released from house arrest. (13 November 2010)…      The EU Parliament demands, amongst other things, an investigation into crimes against humanity and the provision of aid to internally displaced people.(May 2010)...       UN High Commission for Human Rights calls for a UN Commission of Inquiry into alleged possible crimes against humanity in Myanmar.(March 2010)...       UN Call supported so far by Australia (March 2010), Czech Republic & Slovak Republic (April 2010), the United Kingdom (April 2010), the United States of America (August 2010), Canada (September 2010), Hungary (September 2010), France (September 2010), New Zealand (September 2010), The Netherland (September 2010), Ireland (September 2010) and Lithuania (September 2010)...       Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect affirms the applicability of pillar three of the concept the need for "A timely and effective response" to the situation in Myanmar/Burma...       US and Saudi Arabia commit themselves to providing large scale aid and development skills to displaced Rohingya refugees and local communities in Bangla Desh...
   
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Heads of State and government attending the 60th Session of the UN General assembly 14-16 September 2005 agreed as follows:

139.The international community, through the United Nations, also has the responsibility to use appropriate diplomatic, humanitarian, and other peaceful means, in accordance with Chapters 6 and 8 of the Charter, to help to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. In this context, we are prepared to take collective action, in a timely and decisive manner, through the Security Council, in accordance with the Charter, including Chapter 7, on a case by case basis and in co-operation with relevant regional organisations as appropriate, should peaceful means  be inadequate and national authorities are manifestly failing to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity. We stress the need for the General assembly to continue consideration of the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and its implications, bearing in mind the principles of the Charter and international law. We also intend to commit ourselves as necessary and appropriate, to helping states build capacity to protect their populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity and to assisting those which are under stress before crises and conflicts break out.

Source: United Nations General Assembly, “World Summit Outcome 2005,” Resolution A/RES/60/1 (October 24, 2005), available at: www.un.org/summit2005/documents.html

You will note that the Responsibility to Protect has now been clarified in a three pillar model   “Implementing the Responsibility to Protect”. Pillar three outlines the “Decisive and timely” response activated by a State inflicting crimes against humanity. This may include, amongst other things, an arms embargo, judicial prosecution and humanitarian intervention. Download Implementing the Responsibility to Protect (PDF)

Download the document: Applying the responsibility to protect to Burma/Myanmar by the Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect (March 2010.)